Alanya is a beach resor city and a component district of Antalya Province on the southern coast of Turkey, in the country's Mediterranean Region, 138 kilometres (86 mi) east of the city of Antalya . As of Turkey's 2010 Census, the city had a population of 98,627, while the district that includes the city and its built-up region had an area of 1,598.51 km2 and 248,286 inhabitants.
Because of its natural strategic position on a small peninsula into the Mediterranean sea below the Taurus Mountains, Alanya has been a local stronghold for many Mediterranan -based empirse , including the Ptolemaic ,Seeucid ,Roman,Byzantine , and ottoan Empires. Alanya's greatest political importance came in the Middle Ages , with the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum under the rule of Alaeddin Kayqubad i , from whom the city derives its name. His building campaign resulted in many of the city's landmarks, such as the Kizil Kule (Red Tower), Tersane (Shipyard), and Alanya Castle.